Amazon Data Engineer Interview Guide 2023 | Questions, Process

11 min readJun 26, 2023


Amazon is one of the most sought-after companies for data engineers. The company offers competitive salaries, great benefits, and the opportunity to work on cutting-edge projects. If you’re interested in a career as a data engineer at Amazon, it’s important to be prepared for the interview process. The Amazon data engineer interview process is known for being challenging. The company typically asks a mix of technical and behavioral questions. In addition, the interview process may include a take-home assignment or a coding challenge.

Securing a position as a data engineer at Amazon, one of the world’s leading technology companies requires thorough preparation and a deep understanding of the interview process. This comprehensive guide will provide you with valuable insights and tips to ace your Amazon data engineer interview. By incorporating information from various sources and leveraging the experiences of successful candidates, we will explore the key areas of focus, interview formats, and strategies to enhance your chances of success.

About The Role

A data engineer is an expert who crafts, constructs, and upkeeps the framework facilitating the gathering, retention, and examination of data. Data engineers work with a variety of technologies, including databases, data warehouses, and data lakes. They also work with a variety of programming languages, including SQL, Python, and Java.

Data engineers are in high demand, as businesses are increasingly reliant on data to make decisions. The job outlook for data engineers is very good, and salaries are competitive.

There are several different positions within the field of data engineering, including:

  • Data Engineer: This is an entry-level position in data engineering. Data engineers are responsible for building and maintaining the infrastructure that enables the collection, storage, and analysis of data.
  • Senior data engineer: Senior data engineers have more experience and responsibility than data engineers. They are responsible for leading and managing data engineering projects.
  • Data Architect: Data architects are responsible for designing the overall architecture of the data infrastructure. They work with business stakeholders to understand their data needs and then design a system that meets those needs.
  • Data scientist: Data scientists use data to solve business problems. They use statistical analysis, machine learning, and other techniques to extract insights from data.

Required Skills and Qualifications for a Data Engineer Position at Amazon

To be considered for a data engineering role at Amazon, engineers are expected to possess the following skills and qualifications:

  1. Proficiency in Python, SQL, and ETL Design:
  • Minimum of 4 years of experience in these areas, demonstrating a strong command of programming languages and ETL design principles.
  1. Data Modeling and Data Pipeline Architecture:
  • Proven experience in data modeling and building robust data pipeline architectures to ensure efficient data flow and processing.
  1. Big Data Analytics:
  • Minimum of 3 years of experience in big data analytics, showcasing expertise in handling large datasets and extracting meaningful insights.
  1. Workflow Management Engines:
  • At least 3 years of experience with workflow management engines, such as Luigi, Prefect, Airflow, or AWS Step Functions, to orchestrate complex data workflows effectively.
  1. Cloud Analytics Platforms:
  • Demonstrated experience working with cloud analytics platforms like AWS Redshift, Google BigQuery, Teradata, Netezza, or MPP analytics platforms to leverage scalable and high-performance data analytics solutions.

📢Note: Qualifications and details may vary based on your skills and experience. Amazon evaluates candidates holistically to align with data engineering requirements.

Amazon Data Engineer Interview Process and Timeline

The interview process for a Data Engineer position at Amazon is designed to assess a candidate’s technical skills, problem-solving abilities, and fit for the role. While the specific details may vary depending on the region and team, the following is a general overview of the Amazon Data Engineer interview process and its timeline.

1. Application and Resume Screening:

  • Candidates submit their applications online through Amazon’s careers portal.
  • The recruiting team reviews resumes and applications to shortlist candidates based on their qualifications and experience.

Useful Tips

  • Customize your resume to highlight the most relevant qualifications and experiences that align with the job requirements. Emphasize key achievements and skills that make you stand out as a strong candidate.
  • Ensure your resume is error-free, well-structured, and easy to read. Double-check for spelling and grammar mistakes. Use bullet points and clear headings to enhance readability.

2. Phone/Video Screen:

  • Shortlisted candidates are typically invited to a phone or video screening interview.
  • This initial interview may focus on assessing the candidate’s technical skills, experience, and alignment with Amazon’s leadership principles.

What will the interviewer assess?
During the interview, the recruiter will evaluate your proficiency in SQL and Data Modeling. They may also request you to solve fundamental coding problems using Python.

Key Tips:

  • Be prepared to respond to the common interview starter, “Tell me about yourself.”
  • Demonstrate a strong understanding of SQL and Python.
  • Keep your answers concise and focused. Avoid unnecessary elaboration.

3. Onsite Round

The onsite round is the most challenging stage and focuses on problem-solving skills through scenario-based questions. It consists of 2 Technical interviews (45–60 minutes each), the Bar Raiser Round, and the HR Round.

1. Technical Interview Rounds:

  • Successful candidates from the online assessment move on to multiple rounds of technical interviews.
  • These interviews delve deeper into technical skills, focusing on topics such as database design, data modeling, ETL processes, data analysis, and system design.
  • Interviews may involve coding exercises, SQL query writing, and discussions about previous projects or experiences.

What will the interviewer assess?

During the interview, your understanding of SQL fundamentals such as joins, subqueries, aggregations, filters, and case statements will be assessed. These concepts will be applied to solve scenario-based questions. Additionally, your ability to solve coding problems efficiently and effectively, as well as your problem-solving approach, will be evaluated.

Useful Tips:

  • Before diving into coding, take the time to clarify any doubts or uncertainties regarding the problem.
  • Think out loud while solving the problem. This will assist the interviewer in comprehending your methodology and logical thinking. Additionally, they may provide indirect hints or suggestions, allowing you to reconsider your approach or explain your chosen strategy.
  • It is acceptable to consult with the interviewer on minor syntax issues. They are interested in assessing your problem-solving abilities rather than nitpicking small syntax details.

2. Bar Raise Round

Bar Raisers at Amazon play a unique role in the hiring process. They are independent of the team you are applying to and are responsible for evaluating the overall quality of candidates, prioritizing Amazon’s hiring standards. Bar Raisers receive specialized training to ensure high standards are maintained, making them a significant hurdle between you and a job offer at Amazon.

During the interview, you can expect a greater emphasis on behavioral questions compared to other tech companies. Each interviewer is typically assigned two or three of Amazon’s 16 leadership principles to assess your alignment with those principles. These principles serve as focal points, guiding the interview and providing a framework for evaluating your suitability for the role.

3. Final Interview and Hiring Decision(HR Round)

  • After completing the technical and behavioral interview rounds, candidates who have performed well may be invited to a final interview.
  • The final interview typically involves senior-level stakeholders who assess the candidate’s overall suitability for the role.
  • Following the final interview, the hiring team evaluates all feedback and makes a hiring decision.

Useful Tips

  • Express your genuine interest in the role and the company. Share your excitement about contributing to the organization’s goals and how you can make a positive impact.
  • Prepare thoughtful questions about the role, team dynamics, or company vision. This demonstrates your engagement and interest in understanding more about the company and the opportunity at hand.

The timeline for the Amazon Data Engineer interview process can vary. However, on average, the process from application submission to a final decision can take anywhere from a few weeks to a couple of months. It is important to note that the timeline may be influenced by factors such as the number of applicants, scheduling availability, and internal decision-making processes.

Overall, the Amazon Data Engineer interview process aims to identify candidates with strong technical skills, problem-solving abilities, and a cultural fit with the company. It is crucial for candidates to prepare thoroughly, demonstrate their expertise, and showcase their alignment with Amazon’s values and leadership principles throughout the interview process.

Amazon Data Engineer Interview Questions

Before delving into the interview questions, let’s briefly explore how Amazon evaluates technical skills during the hiring process.

Technical Skills Evaluation

To prepare for the technical interview, it’s important to practice answering questions about these topics. Numerous online and library resources exist to aid you in this endeavor. You can also find practice questions and coding challenges on websites like LeetCode.

To succeed as a data engineer at Amazon, it is essential to possess a solid foundation in various technical areas. The interview will assess your knowledge and experience in:

  • Data Structures and Algorithms: Be prepared to discuss and solve algorithmic problems efficiently, showcasing your ability to optimize code and handle large datasets.
  • SQL and Database Management: Demonstrate your expertise in SQL, data modeling, and database management systems, as these skills are fundamental to the role.
  • Big Data Technologies: Familiarize yourself with distributed computing frameworks such as Apache Hadoop, Apache Spark, and Amazon Web Services (AWS) tools like AWS Glue, AWS Redshift, and AWS EMR.
  • Data Warehousing and ETL: Understand the concepts of Extract, Transform, Load (ETL) processes, dimensional modeling, and data warehousing principles.
  • Data Pipeline Architecture: Display your knowledge of designing scalable and fault-tolerant data pipelines, including real-time and batch processing.

The interviewer will be looking for your understanding of these topics, as well as your ability to apply them to real-world problems. You may be asked to describe your experience with different data warehousing and data lake technologies or to discuss how you would model and mine a particular dataset. You may also be asked to write code to solve a data analysis or data visualization problem.

Amazon Data Engineer SQL Interview Questions

Here are some sample Amazon Data Engineer interview questions related to SQL and data analysis:

  1. Explain the differences between INNER JOIN, LEFT JOIN, and RIGHT JOIN in SQL.
  2. How would you write a SQL query to find the second-highest salary in a table?
  3. What is a subquery in SQL? Can you provide an example of how it can be used?
  4. Explain the concept of normalization in database design and provide an example.
  5. How would you optimize a slow-performing SQL query? What techniques or strategies would you employ?
  6. Describe the process of data cleansing and data validation. Why is it important in data analysis?
  7. What are aggregate functions in SQL? Provide examples of commonly used aggregate functions.
  8. Explain the purpose of the GROUP BY clause in SQL and provide an example query utilizing it.
  9. How would you handle missing or NULL values in a dataset during data analysis?
  10. Describe the steps involved in performing a hypothesis test on a dataset.

These questions are intended to assess your SQL knowledge and data analysis skills. Be prepared to explain your thought process and provide clear, concise answers that demonstrate your understanding and problem-solving abilities.

Amazon Data Engineer Python Interview Questions

Here are some sample Amazon Data Engineer interview questions related to Python:

  1. Explain the difference between a list and a tuple in Python.
  2. How would you handle an exception in Python? Provide an example.
  3. What are lambda functions in Python? How are they different from regular functions?
  4. How would you iterate over a dictionary in Python and print its keys and values?
  5. Explain the concept of generators in Python. Provide an example of a generator function.
  6. How would you sort a list of dictionaries based on a specific key in Python?
  7. What is the difference between shallow copy and deep copy in Python? When would you use each?
  8. How can you read data from a CSV file in Python? Provide an example.
  9. Explain the concept of object-oriented programming (OOP) in Python. Give an example of a class and its usage.
  10. How would you handle memory management in Python? What is the purpose of garbage collection?

These questions are designed to assess your Python programming skills as a Data Engineer. Be prepared to provide clear explanations, write code snippets if requested, and demonstrate your understanding of Python’s core concepts and best practices.

Also Read: Amazon Behavioral Interview Questions Guide

Amazon Senior Data Engineer Interview Questions

Senior-level interview questions for Amazon Senior Data Engineer positions are more intricate and demanding compared to other roles. However, with thorough preparation, tackling these questions can significantly enhance your chances of securing your dream job. Below are sample interview questions for Amazon Senior Data Engineer positions:

  1. Describe a complex data engineering project you have worked on. What were the challenges you faced, and how did you overcome them?
  2. How would you design a scalable and fault-tolerant data processing pipeline for handling large volumes of streaming data?
  3. Explain the process you would follow for optimizing a database query that is running slow.
  4. What strategies and technologies would you consider when designing a data warehouse architecture for efficient data storage and retrieval?
  5. How would you ensure data quality and integrity in a data pipeline? Discuss the steps you would take to validate and cleanse data.
  6. Share your experience in working with big data technologies such as Hadoop, Spark, or AWS EMR. How have you leveraged these tools in your previous projects?
  7. Describe a scenario where you had to make trade-offs between data processing speed and accuracy. How did you approach this situation and what was the outcome?
  8. How would you handle security and privacy concerns when working with sensitive data in a cloud environment?
  9. Discuss your experience with ETL (Extract, Transform, Load) processes. What tools and techniques have you used to ensure efficient data extraction and transformation?
  10. Describe a time when you had to collaborate with cross-functional teams to deliver a successful data engineering solution. What was your role, and how did you ensure effective communication and coordination?

These questions are aimed at assessing your senior-level experience and expertise in data engineering. Be prepared to provide detailed examples from your previous projects, showcase your problem-solving skills, and demonstrate your ability to design scalable and efficient data solutions.

Preparing for the Amazon Data Engineer Interview

Study Data Engineering Concepts

To excel in the interview, it is crucial to have a deep understanding of data engineering concepts and industry best practices. Utilize reputable online resources, such as blogs, tutorials, and textbooks, to enhance your knowledge in areas such as data modeling, ETL processes, data pipelines, and distributed computing.

Leverage Online Platforms and Interview Guides

Websites like GeeksforGeeks, IGotAnOffer, and Prepfully provide valuable insights into the Amazon data engineer interview process. These platforms offer interview experiences, practice questions, and comprehensive interview guides specifically tailored to the requirements of Amazon.

Gain Hands-on Experience

Practical experience is highly valued during the Amazon data engineer interview. Engage in real-world projects, both personal and professional, that involve data processing, data transformation, and database management. This hands-on experience will not only strengthen your technical skills but also provide you with valuable talking points during the interview.

Interview Day Strategies

Review the Amazon Leadership Principles

Amazon places significant emphasis on its Leadership Principles. Familiarize yourself with these principles and prepare examples that illustrate how you have demonstrated them in your past experiences.

Effective Communication

During the interview, communicate your thought process, assumptions, and steps taken to arrive at a solution. Demonstrate your ability to articulate complex technical concepts in a concise and understandable manner.

Collaborative Attitude

Emphasize your aptitude for efficient collaboration with cross-functional teams. Emphasize your experience in working with stakeholders, such as data scientists, software engineers, and business analysts.


The Amazon data engineer interview is a rigorous and competitive process that requires extensive preparation and a deep understanding of data engineering concepts and best practices. By leveraging online resources, studying industry concepts, and gaining hands-on experience, you can position yourself for success. Remember to practice coding problems, engage in mock interviews, and communicate effectively during the interview. By combining technical proficiency, problem-solving abilities, and a collaborative mindset, you can increase your chances of securing a coveted position as a data engineer at Amazon.

By following these tips by Careerflow, you can increase your chances of success in the Amazon data engineer interview.

So why wait then, follow this guide and land your dream job✨!!

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